Traditional pear varietes in the west region of Republic of Macedonia

Selamovska, Ana and Miskoska - Mileska, Elizabeta and Najdenovska, Olga and Dimovska, Daniela (2014) Traditional pear varietes in the west region of Republic of Macedonia. Acta Agriculturae Serbica, 19. pp. 47-60. ISSN 634.13-152.632(497.7)

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In this article, we present the results of the examination of the morphological,
phenological and chemical characteristics of fruits of 9 traditional pear varieties that are
typical for the west region of Macedonia (‘Carigradsko avche’, ‘Evropsko avche’,
‘Vodenka’, ‘Sherbetka’, ‘Sinec’, ‘Letna kajkushka’, ‘Trupnjak’, ‘Tiranka’ and ‘Zimskakajkushka’). According to the ripening time, the pears ‘Carigradsko avche’, ‘Evropsko
avche’, ‘Sherbetka’, ‘Sinec’ and ‘Letna kajkushka’ are summer pear varieties, the pear
‘Vodenka’ is an autumn pear variety and the pears ‘Trupnjak’, ‘Tiranka’ and ‘Zimska
kajkushka’ are winter pear varieties. Statistically significant differences among the
examined pear varieties for all fruit characteristics are found. The biggest fruits are
characteristic of the pears ‘Vodenka’, ‘Tiranka’ and ‘Trupnjak’. All pear varieties,
excluding the pears ‘Evropsko avche’, ‘Vodenka’ and ‘Zimska kajkushka’, have long fruit
stalks. Medium to high quantity of seeds are found in the fruits of the pears ‘Letna kajkushka’, ‘Zimska kajkushka’ and ‘Carigradsko avche’. The highest value of soluble
dry matter is found in the pear ‘Vodenka’ and ‘Zimska kajkushka’. The highest content of total sugar in the fruits (15 % or more) is detected in the varieties ‘Zimska kajkushka’,
‘Evropsko avche’, ‘Tiranka’ and ‘Vodenka’. The best flavor and juiciest mesocarp is characteristic of the pear ‘Vodenka’

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Daniela Dimovska
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 07:52
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2019 07:52

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