The Congress of Vienna: archaeology, nationalism and the values of the modern world

Tevdovski, Ljuben (2015) The Congress of Vienna: archaeology, nationalism and the values of the modern world. Political Thought (50). pp. 57-62. ISSN 1409-9853

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Generations of historians have written on the subject of the Vienna Congress and its impact on the European and the global system of balance of power. Their views have been diverse, ranging from admiration for the visionary creators of the century of peace to the critics that located the predatory nature of the modern states in the principles laid out in this period.

Many international affairs scholars would agree that some aspects of the contemporary global relations still depend on the principle of balance of power established two centuries ago. Yet, while it is easy to make parallels with the contemporary relations among the nations, we are obliged to bear in mind that the Congress of Vienna did not regulate the relations among nations. On the contrary,its political decisions provided the right conditions for the very creation of the nations.

The agreements of the Concert of Europe did not eliminate just the long-lasting French hegemony, it also annihilated the idea of a global empire based on the wisdom and traditions of the ancient empires. Instead, it created parallel worlds of isolated and intensively purified identities, all of them claiming different ancient roots.

Therefore, the Vienna system of international affairs did not bring just a new paradigm in the international relations, it rather changed the global tendencies of
self-representation, collective identities, as well as the values of and cultural insights into different societies.

In the next hundred years, through the scientific breakthroughs of the new science of archaeology, Europe and the world will be broken into eternal and coherent nations, races, cultures and civilizations. In the nineteenth century, Europeans would not compete any more on who is more civilized, they will begin to live in different civilizations that try to annihilate each other in order to survive.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Humanities > History and archaeology
Social Sciences > Political Science
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Science
Depositing User: Ljuben Tevdovski
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2018 08:51
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2018 08:51

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