Genetically modified crops - current state, issues and perspectives

Trajkova, Fidanka and Koleva Gudeva, Liljana (2019) Genetically modified crops - current state, issues and perspectives. In: 2nd International Meeting Agriscience & Practice, 12 Apr 2019, Stip.

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Abstract

The main aim of genetic engineering is to introduce, increase or delete certain characteristic of an organism which is achieved with gene manipulation. The first foreign gene was successfully incorporated into tobacco plant in 1983. Since, there are about 12% (179.7 million hectares) of global cropland produced genetically engineered crops in 2015 (FAO, 2015). Data for 2015 show that genetically modified varieties were commercially available for nine food crops (soybeans, maize, apple, canola, sugar beet, papaya, potato, squash and eggplant) three nonfood crops (alfalfa, cotton and poplar) and two types of flowers (carnation and rose). The most genetical engineering is done for herbicide, insect and virus resistance, as well as improvement of abiotic stress resistance, crop quality and ripening delay. Together with development and introduction of new genetically modified crops, consumers’ and environmentalists’ awareness about eventually their harmful consequences was growing worldwide, including the Macedonian consumers. In this paper, the current state and issues of genetically modified crops will be discussed, with a specific emphasis of environmental risk assessment of genetically modified crops for Macedonian conventional agriculture, Macedonian cases of detection of genetically modified seeds and food and Macedonian legislation of genetically modified crops.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural biotechnology
Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Fidanka Trajkova
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 08:15
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2019 08:15
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/22396

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