Application of phytohormones in improvement of agricultural and horticultural species in in vitro and in vivo conditions

Koleva Gudeva, Liljana and Trajkova, Fidanka (2018) Application of phytohormones in improvement of agricultural and horticultural species in in vitro and in vivo conditions. In: 1st International Meeting Agriscience & Practice (ASP 2018), 10-11 May 2018, Stip, Macedonia.

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Abstract

There are many areas in agriculture, and particularly horticulture, where phytohormones can be used in successful cultivation for obtaining higher yield and improvement of plant species. The methods of plant biotechnology have crucial role in plant improvement, where the role of phytohormones is irreplaceable. The method of in vitro cultivation of plant cell and tissue cultures is used for vegetative propagation or micropropagation of plants. The vegetative propagation of the plants in in vitro conditions enables to reduce the process of selection, enhance the genetic stability of plants and improve the production of healthy plants free of viruses. These powerful methods of plant biotechnology are unusable without the application of phytohormones and plant growth regulators. The interaction between plant varieties and different phytohormone concentrations are highly significant for successful micropropagation, as well as any kind of plant improvement in in vitro and in vivo conditions. The application of phytohormones, especially auxins as growth regulators, in nursery rooted production is used to increase the number of seedlings and plants, to shorten the rooting time, to increase the root number per plant and uniformity of the root system. This paper presents an overview of the application of phytohormones and plant growth regulators in the improvement of agricultural and horticultural species in plant tissue culture in in vitro conditions, as well as their applications in in vivo conditions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural biotechnology
Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Fidanka Trajkova
Date Deposited: 29 May 2018 11:40
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 11:40
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/20025

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