Bitola - The urban and geographical development

Dimitrov, Nikola (1998) Bitola - The urban and geographical development. Other. Society of scientce and art - Bitola, Bitola.

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Доц. д-р Никола В. Димитров, Битола - урбано географски развој, монографија, 1998.pdf

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According to its size, Bitola is the second town in the Republic of Macedonia. It is
located in the south-west of Macedonia, in the Pelagonia Plain, at 650 metres above sea
level. The town covers 24 square kilometres. It is situated close to the Baba Mountain, with
its peak called Pelister (2601 m).
The town has a moderate continental climate, with the avarage yearly temperature of
11,1°C and the avarage precipitation of 613 mm. The river Dragor, with its regulated riverbed,
runs trough the town.
Bitola is the continuation of the ancient town Heraclea Lyncestis. It has a long history,
having developed it self from a mediveal fortified town into a town with churches, monasteries,
a town with a Czar`s castle, becoming then the Bishop`s seat and a clergical centre.
During the five centuries of the Turkish rein, Bitola became the centre for various crafts,
religion, military and political affairs, the vilayet, while later on it grew into a cultural and
educational, trading, building, and economic centre.
After the division of Macedonia in 1913, Bitola lost its central position and got a
rather marginal one, which was followed by an economic decline. Following World War II,
Bitola had a rapid economic development, as well as an urban and geographical one. The
oriental appearance of the town gave way to modern urban settlements. The population invreased
from 84.000 inhabitants in 1991 to 88.000 inhabitiants today. According to the nationality
structure, Macedonians dominate with around 90 percent, then Albanians, Turks,
Vlach, Roma, Serbs and others.

Item Type: Monograph (Other)
Subjects: Social Sciences > Social and economic geography
Divisions: Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics
Depositing User: Nikola Dimitrov
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2013 12:47
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2013 12:47

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