Human Papillomavirus as a Potential Risk Factor for Oral Premalignant Lesions

Zendeli-Bedjeti, Lindita and Popovska, Mirjana and Atanasovska-Stojanovska, Aneta and Duvlis, Sotirija (2017) Human Papillomavirus as a Potential Risk Factor for Oral Premalignant Lesions. Acta Clinica Croatia.

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Oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) and numerous alterations of oral mucosa remain unsolved due to their complex etiopathogenesis. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs), in particular, have been reported as the possible risk factors or cofactors. The aim of the study was to determine the association of different HPV types with oral premalignant lesions, and the potential role of smoking and alcohol use. Eighty patients (mean age ± SD, 52.45±5.56) of both genders, 19 (23.75%) male and 61 (76.25%) female, were enrolled in the study. Study group included 40 patients diagnosed with OPLs (leukoplakia, erythroplakia, actinic keratosis and lichen planus), while control group included another 40 patients with healthy oral mucosa. Genotyping of the HPV types was performed by qualitative real-time HPV typing polymerase chain reaction test. HPV DNA was detected in 30% (12/40) of study group patients and 2.5% (1/40) of control group patients. The results revealed the presence of HPV16 in 15% (6/40), HPV56 in 10% (4/40), and HPV18 in 5% (2/40) of study group cases, and HPV31 in 1 (2.5%) control group patient. Th e association of oral HPV positivity and smoking/alcohol use in the study group was not statistically significant (p<0.05). In conclusion, high-risk HPV types are associated with oral premalignant disorders. However, it remains unknown whether HPV acts as an innocent bystander or it has a role in initiating development of premalignant lesions. Smoking and alcohol use were not associated with the existing oral HPV infection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Sotirija Duvlis
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2023 10:38
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2023 10:38

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