COVID-19 and non-tariff measures

Miteva-Kacarski, Emilija and Cabuleva, Kostadinka and Paceskoski, Vlatko (2021) COVID-19 and non-tariff measures. Journal of Economics, Special Issue. pp. 185-195. ISSN 1857-9973

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Non-tariff measures are closely linked to the current COVID-19 pandemic. They play an important role to protect human, animal and plant lives and to prevent pandemic
outbreaks, have been used frequently during the pandemic to achieve trade and nontrade objectives and play an important role for the economic recovery from the
devastating economic and social effects of the pandemic. NTMs such as export restrictions have been used to prevent shortages of supplies of medical products in
exporting countries as a reaction to increased domestic demands. At the same time, other NTMs have been adapted to facilitate imports of important goods. Transparency
in NTMs is important for traders. OECD (2019) finds that increased transparency on sanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) measures and technical barriers to trade (TBT) in
regional trade agreements boosts trade by around 25 per cent. During the pandemic, transparency in NTMs coming into force during the pandemic was particularly grim.
Most data were collected from news articles.
The aim of this paper is to examine the various NTMs imposed by countries during the COVID-19 outbreak and to attempt to assess the many implications these can have.
Key words: Non-tariff measures, COVID-19 pandemic, transparency, trade.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences > Economics and business
Divisions: Faculty of Economics
Depositing User: Emilija Miteva
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2021 10:31
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2021 10:31

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