Waste treatment from polymer composite materials

Srebrenkoska, Vineta and Capeska Bogtinoska, Dijana (2012) Waste treatment from polymer composite materials. Proceedings of the XXII International Congress of Chemists and Technologists of Macedonia.

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the future. Also, for this type of materials, several regulations put pressure on producers to consider the
waste treatment. Waste treatment of polymer composites is more complex compared to recycling of steel and
aluminium, since they contain a mixture of materials with a multitude of combinations of fibres and polymer
matrixes. In addition, for sandwich constructions there is also core material to consider.
In this paper we started with a research of the most important issues influencing the waste management of
waste products and manufacturing waste containing composite materials. These issues are environmental
demands in form of regulations, waste streams, techniques for material recycling, energy recovery and
methods for analysing costs and environmental effects. The studied techniques for treatment of waste are
focused to material recycling and energy recovery. In the framework of this paper investigations and
experimental work were performed within the case studies. The case studies were divided into three groups
with respect to the included materials: carbon fibre reinforced plastic, thermoset glass fibre composite - sheet
moulding compound and thermoplastic composite with natural fibre. Also, analysis of the costs and
environmental effects were made. The costs of the different waste treatments were analysed from a waste
producer perspective. The influence of the environmental effects was studied with Life Cycle Assessment
(LCA) according to the standard ISO14040. According to the results of the analysis corresponding
recommendations were proposed for each material.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Materials engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Vineta Srebrenkoska
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2012 11:22
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2013 10:46
URI: https://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/2822

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