Mediterranean diet adherence and subjective well-being in a sample of Portuguese adults

Andrade, Vanda and Jorge, Rui and Garcia Conesa, Maria-Teresa and Philippou, Elena and Massaro, Marika and Chervenkov, Mihail and Ivanova, Teodora and Maksimova, Viktorija and Smilkov, Katarina and Gjorgieva Ackova, Darinka and Miloseva, Lence and Ruskovska, Tatjana and Deligiannidou, Georgia-Eirini and Kontogiorgis, Christos A. and Pinto, Paula (2020) Mediterranean diet adherence and subjective well-being in a sample of Portuguese adults. Nutrients, 12 (12). p. 3837. ISSN 2072-6643

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The Mediterranean diet (MD) and other lifestyle characteristics have been associated with well-being, a broad multiparameter concept that includes individual’s subjective assessment of their own well-being (SWB). Some studies have suggested that diet influences SWB, thus, this work aimed to add novel information on the association of MD and SWB in a sample of Portuguese adults. Data on sociodemographic, economic, lifestyle, diet, and SWB were collected through a self-filled online questionnaire. MD adherence was assessed by the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) score. Results showed a moderate adherence to the MD in 490 Portuguese adults (mean MEDAS of 7.4 ± 2.1). A higher MD adherence was found to be significantly positively associated with women, employed individuals, a higher number of meals per day, and those with frequent contact with nature (p-value < 0.0025, using Bonferroni adjustment). As a novelty, this study divided the participants into low SWB, medium SWB, and medium to high SWB profiles (3.9 ± 1.0; 6.2 ± 1.0; 8.2 ± 1.3, respectively; p-value < 0.05), which reported significantly increasing MEDAS scores (6.5 ± 2.1; 7.3 ± 2.1; 7.8 ± 1.9; respectively, p-value < 0.05).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Tatjana Ruskovska
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2020 15:47
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2020 15:47

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