Orthodontic treatment in patients with diabetes mellitus

Koteva, Slavica and Adzieva, Teodora and Atanasova, Sandra and Proseva, Ljubica (2019) Orthodontic treatment in patients with diabetes mellitus. In: Dental summer school & Second International Student’s Congress in Dental Medicine 2019, 23-26 May 2019, Ohrid, Macedonia.

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Diabetes mellitus is a systematic disease and has a major negative impact on different organs and systems, including oral cavity and teeth. Diabetes mellitus is a common and a serious public health problem. There are 3 types of diabetes: type 1 also known as juvenile or insulin dependent diabetes, type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and type 3 or gestational diabetes. Dentists often are faced with diabetic patients who are demanding orthodontic treatment. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the oral manifestation in orthodontic patients. Oral and dental manifestation of diabetes mellitus are: mouth dryness (xerostomia), burning mouth syndrome, dental caries, periodontitis and gingivitis, ketone breath in poorly controlled patients, teeth disposition and misalignment, brittle teeth, recurrent oral infections (e.g. oral candida, mouth ulcerations), altered taste sensation and also there is delayed healing of mucous membranes. Treatment considerations in patients with diabetes mellitus are: consideration before deciding orthodontic treatment, during the process of orthodontic intervention and diabetic emergencies during orthodontic treatment. Diabetic patients often seek for orthodontic treatment and dentists should be aware about the importance of this condition to prevent all possible complications. It is necessary for dentists to have a basic and solid knowledge about diabetes diagnosis, management, dental consequences, and the considerations to be taken during orthodontic treatment. Diabetes is not a contraindication to orthodontic treatment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Sandra Atanasova
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2020 10:28
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 10:28
URI: https://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/26607

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