Correlation of oral health and diet among institutionalized elderly people

Petrovski, Mihajlo and Terzieva-Petrovska, Olivera and Dimova, Cena and Minovska, Ana and Papakoca, Kiro and Zlatanovska, Katerina (2020) Correlation of oral health and diet among institutionalized elderly people. Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design, 31. pp. 116-121. ISSN 1857- 8489

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Oral health problems such as tooth loss, toothache and
chewing complaints are contributing factors to malnutrition, especially among institutionalized elderly.
Presence of difficulties in diet, as well as the increased
health needs and the impaired health of the institutionalized elderly, the purpose of this research was established - to access the effect of the oral health on diet of institutionalized elderly people.
This study was carried out in the period from April to
August 2013, in the department “Mother Teresa”, part
of Gerontology Institute “Thirteen November” - Skopje.
Macedonia. The study covered a total number of 73
respondents who were older than 65 years. Subjects
involved in the examined population during the examination were answering questions to identify the risk
factors that are responsible for the effects of the chewing on the diet. A clinical examination was conducted
in order to objectively notice the changes of the oral
The average age of participants was 73.79 ± 6.92 years.
Average time spent in the long-term care institution
was 5 years and seven months. Most of the subjects
has subjective filling that their own chewing do not
satisfies adequate nutrition. Among one quarter of the
subjects, the reason for not wearing prosthetic devices
is inability to chew certain types of food. The average
number of present (remaining) teeth was 5.81 ± 7.34.
The percentage of elderly people with optimal oral
health (20 or more teeth) is 4.11%. Average number
of retained tooth roots is 0.69 ± 1.66 per subject. Main
arithmetic values were calculated for gained data.
This research has shown that the oral status of older
people frequently affects their quality of life, and in
particular, on the ability to eat several common types
of foods.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Mihajlo Petrovski
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2020 07:07
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2020 07:07

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