Study of the size of the angle of the mandible

Jovevska, Svetlana and Petrovski, Mihajlo (2019) Study of the size of the angle of the mandible. Knowledge - International Journal, Scientific and Applicative Papers, 30.4. pp. 841-844. ISSN 1857-92

[thumbnail of Budva Jovevska, Petrovski.pdf]
Budva Jovevska, Petrovski.pdf

Download (402kB) | Preview


Тhe mandible is a paired bone that develops within the mandibular arch, embedding teeth and forming an articulation of the jaw with the cranium. Morphological changes are brought about by aging. The gonial angle,
orthe angle of mandible, is formed by the line tangent to thelower border of the mandible and the line tangent to the
distal border of the ascending ramus and condyle ie the lower jaw angle is formed by the ramus line (RL) and the
mandibular line (ML), where RL is the tangent to the posterior border of the mandible and ML is the lower border of the mandible through the gnathion (gn) Withage the masticatory muscles change in function and structure with
decreased contractile activity and lower muscle density. The gonial angle can be used as a tool inforensic
odontology, but has received less attention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the angle of mandible comparing
mandibular bones and OPGs. The study further intends to evaluate the variation in age using the gonialangle as a
parameter. A total of 50 mandibles and 50 OPGs were included in the study. The study materials were obtained from the Department of Anatomy and the Department of Radiology of Simple methodology was employed for obtaining
data. The gonial angle in mandibular bones was measured as the angle formed by the base of the mandible and the
posterior border of the ramus by the scale of protractor, which isplaced over the angle of mandible in such a way
that the base of the protractor coincides with the base of the mandible. The angle was recorded in degrees.The gonial
angle in OPG was measured by a line drawn tangential to the lower border of the mandible and the linedrawn
tangential to the posterior border of the ramus and the condyle. The intersection of these two lines formed the gonial angle which was measured using a protractor in the same way. The angle was recorded in degrees.All the readings were recorded and the mean value was calculated. The present study shows various values of gonial angle in OPG and mandibular bones. No significant difference was observed between these two. On comparison of gonial angle
the mandibular bone showed slightly greater value than OPG
The mean value of the gonial angles were found to beslightly more in mandibular bones and were lesser in
OPG.There seems to be differencein the gonial angle with different age groups but not significant. Both mandibular
bones and OPGs showed almost similar readings. Thusgonial angle serves as an adjuvant and additional forensic
parameter which guides for age group assessment, subjectto odontological status.
Keywords: Mandible, Gonial angle, OPG, Ramus

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Mihajlo Petrovski
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 11:40
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 11:40

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item