Anatomical variations of the human mental foramen using digital panoramic radiography

Jovevska, Svetlana (2019) Anatomical variations of the human mental foramen using digital panoramic radiography. In: 11th International Symposium Clinical and Applied Anatomy (ISCAA), 24-26 June 2019, Madrid, Spain.

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Introduction: Mental foramen (MF) is usually the anterior limit of inferior dental canal, which is located in the body of mandible between the inferior and alveolar margins. The great diffusion of the surgical techniques in jaws surgery and the progress of the radiological imagining procedures expressed many interest in clinical anatomy of MF. The aim of this study was tu determine and compare the position and symmetry of mental foramen in horizontal as well as in vertical plane
Methods and Material : One hundred digital panoramic radiographs were selected and studied regarding the location and symmetry of MF The size of MF was recorded using digital caliper and its appearance was determined by visual examination. The collected data were subjected to statistical analysis using paired Student's t-test.
Results :The commonest position of MF in horizontal plane was in line with the longitudinal axis of the second premolar (31.0%) while in vertical plane it was found to be located inferior to the apex of second premolar (42.2%). The difference in dimensions on the left and right sides were not statistically significant.
Conclusion : MF exists in different locations and possesses many variations. Hence, Individual, gender, age, race and assessing technique largely influence these variations. It suggests that the clinicians should carefully identify these anatomical landmarks, by analyzing all influencing factors, prior to their diagnostic or the other dental, surgical and implant operation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Horizontal and vertical position, mental foramen, panoramic radiographs
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Svetlana Jovevska
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2019 11:58
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 11:58

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