Prevalence of first permanent molar caries among children at age 12 in Republic of Macedonia

Getova, Biljana and Pavlevska, Meri and Carceva-Salja, Sofija (2018) Prevalence of first permanent molar caries among children at age 12 in Republic of Macedonia. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences ISSN: 0975-8585.

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Dental caries is one of most prevalent chronic diseases affecting children and in particular first
permanent molar is more vulnerable to caries because of its morphological and functional characteristics. The
World Health Organization (WHO) uses the mean DMFT index at 12 years old as a basic index of comparison
for oral health of different populations. Objective: To assess the DMFT values and its components in the first
permanent molars among 12-year-old children in Republic of Macedonia who are cover with preventive
measures of National Preventive Strategy. Material and method: Using explorer and mirror under professional
light in dental office, 4 permanent first molars of 73704 12-years-old students were examined from aspect of
decay, missing and filing by 147 calibrated preventive team who are part of dental public system during, 2014-
2017y. Then DMF6 was accounted for each subject. The statistical analysis was done by SPSS 12.Results: The
mean of DMF6 was1.59, 1.46, 1.52 and 1.47 for children who were born in 2002-2004y., respectively.
Conclusion: Analysis of DMF6 showed that untreated caries is the most important problem in children at age
12 in Republic of Macedonia. Consistent application of preventive measures from the Strategy will improve
oral health in children.
Keywords: first permanent molar, DMFT index, national strategy, caries prevention

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Sandra Atanasova
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2019 08:04
Last Modified: 07 May 2019 09:55

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