Influence of pregnancy on oral health

Zlatanovska, Katerina and Kovacevska, Ivona and Longurova, Natasa and Papakoca, Kiro and Zarkova-Atanasova, Julija and Petrovski, Mihajlo (2018) Influence of pregnancy on oral health. In: "Nutricon 2018" Food quality and safety health and nutricon, 13-15 June 2018, Ohrid, Macedonia.

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Maintaining good oral hygiene during pregnancy is extremely important because it is a period in which we have changes
in hormone levels and the oral tissue is more sensitive to dental plaque. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health status in pregnant females attending private dental offices in East Macedonia.
A total of 60 subjects were conducted in this study, divided in two identical groups as follows: group 1 - pregnant females and group 2 - control group of age-matched non pregnant females. Clinical examination of dental condition was conducted using basic diagnostic tools like dental mirror and periodontal probe. A specific self-reported questionnaire to collect information on patient’s oral health was also implemented in the study. Statistical analysis was performed by using paired sample t-test from Statistical software SPSS for Windows version 23. A p-value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

We registered a significantly higher periodontal disease in pregnant women (p ≤ 0.05) compared to control group. At the
same time we found that age, education and poor oral hygiene directly endanger oral health. Most of the patients were not aware that pregnancy is time when they need to take additional particular care of their teeth and gums. The most common problem in pregnant patients was diagnosed with bleeding gums. This condition is especially noticeable in the first trimester of pregnancy and we believe that due to increased hormone levels (estrogen and progesterone).

The study emphasize the need for cooperation between dentists and gynecologists, mandatory including routine dental checkups followed by adequate education and instruction for oral hygiene maintenance in pregnant females.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Katerina Zlatanovska
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2018 08:08
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2018 08:08

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