Screening for risk assessment around closed uranium mining sites

Ivanova, Kremena and Stojanovska, Zdenka and Badulin, Viktor and Kunovska, Bistra and Yovcheva, M (2016) Screening for risk assessment around closed uranium mining sites. Radioprotection, 51 (3). pp. 193-198. ISSN 0033-8451; eISSN: 1769-700X

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The aim of this study is to present the environmental impact and health risk 20 years after the closing of the uranium mining industry. The areas under observation are 31 former classical underground uranium mining and exploratory sites in Bulgaria. The geometric mean value of the gamma dose rate (0.33 μSv h-1), measured 1 m above ground in the mining sites, was three times higher than the mean of the gamma dose in the nearby settlements (0.11 μSv h-1). The geometric mean of specific activities for 238U, 226Ra, 232Th, 40K and 210Pb in mining site soil was found to be: 437 Bq kg-1, 291 Bq kg-1, 65 Bq kg-1, 835 Bq kg-1 and 318 Bq kg-1, respectively. Analysis of variance and correlation were applied. The external dose and offsite external hazard index, as health risk indicators, were estimated based on the results. After twenty years there is still environmental contamination in some locations that may cause a health risk, so remediation and monitoring should continue and be maintained.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Natural sciences > Physical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Zdenka Stojanovska
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2016 11:10
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2016 11:10

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