Socio Economic and Nutritional Status as Dental Caries Risk Factors in 12 Year Old Children

Naskova, Sanja and Iljovska, Snezana and Pavlevska, Meri and Alimani - Jakupi, Jetmire (2016) Socio Economic and Nutritional Status as Dental Caries Risk Factors in 12 Year Old Children. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS), 15 (14 (V)). pp. 106-114. ISSN e 2279-0853/ p 2279-0861

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The examined material consisted of 71 examinees from both genders at the age of 12, from which the
experimental group consisted of 40 children and the control group consisted of 31 examinees.A survey was
carried out in order to assess the socio-economic status of the families, to assess the nutritional status (BMI) of
the examinees, to verify the dental health while noting the DMFS, DMFT and the intensity of dental caries.
The data that presented the socio-economic status of the examinees in both groups showed a significant
statistical correlation (p<0,001).The examined relation between the socio-economical status of the children
with permanent dentition and the intensity of dental caries showed a weak and insignificant correlation. Notably
with the increase of the socio economical status of the children the presence of dental caries also increased.The
distribution of the data, which presented the diet in the children in correlation to the presence of dental caries,
showed no significant difference in both groups (p>0,05).As a conclusion we would like to indicate that the
association of the socio-economical conditions and the body mass index can be one of the many factors
responsible for the onset of dental caries but they can also be used as serious screening factors and can
participate as an instrument in the assessment of the dental caries risk. The results suggest promotion of oral
health in children from all age groups.
Keywords: Dental Caries, Permanent Teeth, Nutritional Status, BMI

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Sanja Naskova
Date Deposited: 09 May 2016 09:30
Last Modified: 09 May 2016 09:30

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