Geogenic and Anthropogenic Moss Responsiveness to Element Distribution Around a Pb–Zn Mine, Toranica, Republic of Macedonia

Angelovska, Svetlana and Stafilov, Trajče and Sajn, Robert and Balabanova, Biljana (2016) Geogenic and Anthropogenic Moss Responsiveness to Element Distribution Around a Pb–Zn Mine, Toranica, Republic of Macedonia. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. ISSN 0090-4341 (Print) 1432-0703 (Online)

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Moss species (Homalothecium lutescens, Hypnum
cupressiforme, Brachythecium glareosum, and
Campthotecium lutescens) were used as suitable sampling
media for biomonitoring the origin of heavy-metal pollution in the lead–zinc (Pb–Zn) mine ‘‘Toranica’’ near the Kriva Palanka town, Eastern Macedonia. The contents of 20 elements—silver (Ag), aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), potassium (K), lithium (Li), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), nickel (Ni), Pb, strontium (Sr), vanadium (V), and (Zn) were determined by atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma. Data processing was applied with combinations of multivariate statistical methods: factor analysis, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis. Moss’ responsiveness to the atmospheric distribution of the selected elements was investigated in correlation to the specific geology of the region (soil dusting). Lithogenic distribution was characterized with the distribution of three dominant geochemical associations: F1: Al–Li–V–Cr–Ni– Co, F2: Ba–Ca–Sr, and F3: Cd–Zn–Pb–Cu. Spatial distribution was constructed for visualization of the factor deposition. Furthermore, air distribution (passive biomonitoring)
versus soil geochemistry of the analyzed elements
was examined. Significant correlations were singled out for Pb, Zn, and Cd and for Mg(moss)/Na(soil). Characteristic lithological anomaly characterized the presence of the oldest geological volcanic rocks. Zone 1 (Pb–Zn mine surrounding) presents a unique area with hydrothermal action of Pb–Zn mineralization leading to polymetallic enrichments in soil. This phenomenon strongly affects the environment, which is a natural geochemical imprint in this unique area (described with the strong dominance of the geochemical association Cd–Zn–Pb–Cu).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Natural sciences > Earth and related environmental sciences
Agricultural Sciences > Other agricultural sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Biljana Balabanova
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2016 10:50
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 10:50

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