Pre-consumer apparel waste mangement in Macedonia

Tomovska, Elena and Jordeva, Sonja and Trajković, Dušan and Zafirova, Koleta (2014) Pre-consumer apparel waste mangement in Macedonia. Book of proceedings 6 th International Conference of Textile. pp. 247-253.

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By its origine textile waste can bi divided in two broad categories: post-consumer waste derived from householda, and pre consumer waste generated during the manifacturing process. The division of the clothing supply chain between developed consumer markets and developing countries where apparel production capacities are out outsources implies that post-consumer waste is present in the former countries, whereas the later generate more pre-consumer waste. To effectively utilize the textile waste an accurate prediction of the quality of generate waste is required. Due to the structure of the industry textile waste in Macedonia mainly consists of apparel cuttings. The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the current state of apparel waste mangement practices in Macedonia, characterize the apparel cutting waste and determine the attitudes of Macedonian top mangement toward managing the apaprel cuttings. Data was obtained via a structured questionnaire disributed to top mangers in apprel manufacturing. The results indicated that almost all apprel manufacturers use landfills to dispose their waste. The anlysis showed that the waste stream consisted principalyy of woven fabrics, predominately cotton and cotton blends with presence of l lycra. Bearing in mind the waste composition the most appropriate end use for the pre-consumer waste is insulation material. Considering that the industry consists of small and medium companies with limited resources there is low likelihood of ondividual investments in recycling equipment. The survey results also show that the top mangement of Macedonian apprel companies has strong negative attitudes towards sorting and preparing cutting waste for further processing. Availability of workforce, sorting according to color and fiber content, and introduction of baling during the packing process are identified as key impediments to introducing sorting in the companies. Low awareness of waste mangement practices and techologies, as well as of existing markets for recycled products contribute to the negative attitudes to waste mangement.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Materials engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Sonja Jordeva
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2015 14:20
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2015 14:20

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