The effect of teaching methods on cognitive achievement in biology studying

Stavreva Veselinovska, Snezana and Koleva Gudeva, Liljana and Djokic, Milena (2011) The effect of teaching methods on cognitive achievement in biology studying. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15. pp. 2521-2527. ISSN 1877-0428

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The purpose of this paper is to determine the effects of usage of sequential teaching method on the academic achievement and retention level of students. Three student groups of biology students in University “Goce Delcev”, Faculty of Natural and Technical Sciences, Institute of Biology, - Stip, R. Macedonia were offered a topic on general characteristics of Proteins: Their Biological Functions and Primary Structure with different sequences of 3 teaching methods. The teaching methods were Laboratory method (student experiment), slide demonstration and lecture method. The first group started to course with experiments in the laboratory, then the relevant theory of proteins was given lecture method, and then the slides was shown (Group I). The sequence of these three teaching methods used in the first group was changed in both second and third group as follow: The lecture methods, slide show and experiment in Group II, and slide show, experiment and lecture method in Group III, respectively. Laboratory method used in the study was focused on the topic of This diversity and abundance reflect the central role of proteins in virtually all aspects of cell structure and function. An extraordinary diversity of cellular activity is possible only because of the versatility inherent in proteins, each of which is specifically tailored to its biological role. The pattern by which each is tailored resides within the genetic information of cells, encoded in a specific sequence of nucleotide bases in DNA proteins activity, a student experiment was designed for this reason, and including to examine its features, effective factors, and relation between the structure and function of the proteins. This experiment was carried out by students. Slide demonstration method included slides about protein structure and function. The slides were shown by teachers. Lecture method was performed by teachers as usual. Effectiveness of different sequential teaching methods was measured quantitatively by an achievement test. Achievement test contained 20 questions, testing the knowledge of facts as well as the ability to transfer the knowledge and problem solving ability. This test was used as pre-test before methods’ application, post-test after the methods’ application and retention test after 30 days from methods’ applied.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Slide demonstration; laboratory method; lecture method; teaching methods; biology studying
Subjects: Natural sciences > Biological sciences
Natural sciences > Other natural sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Science
Depositing User: Snezana Stavrova Veselinova
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2014 10:33
Last Modified: 14 May 2014 06:49

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