Pasture utilization in the East Planning Region in Republic of Macedonia and the necessity for determination of their grass composition

Markova Ruzdik, Natalija and Hristova, Emilija and Zlatkovski, Vasko and Ilieva, Verica and Mitrev, Sasa (2011) Pasture utilization in the East Planning Region in Republic of Macedonia and the necessity for determination of their grass composition. 1st National Agriculture Congress and Exposition on behalf of Ali Numan Kıraç with International Participation, Vol. I. pp. 2657-2664.

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Abstract

East Planning region is established by the Low of Equal Regional Development. It is composed of 11 municipalities and spreads over 3537 km2. There are 217 populated areas out of which 209 are characterized as rural settlements. According to the data by PE of Pasture management gross area under pastures in this Planning region is at level of 86,050 ha, on which 167,958 animals are grazing. Of this figure 25,415 (15,14%) are cattle and 142,513 (84,86%) sheep and goats. Based upon data by National Bureau of Statistics, pasture utilization by cattle is 0.29 animals per ha, and 1.65 heads per ha of sheep and goats. The Rule book on Organic animal husbandry determines the highest allowed number of animals per ha and that number is 2 and 13,3 heads per ha of cattle and sheep and goat respectively. Hence the conclusion on the possibilities of achieving sustainable development in Organic animal husbandry without jeopardizing current pastures conditions. Despite general conclusion the conditions at municipality lever differs significantly as in municipalities of Karbintzi, Cheshinovo-Obleshevo and Zrnovtzi pasture utilization is above determined level. Having no official records on pastures’ grass composition if uncontrolled grazing comes into place, possible violation of bio balance could occur which could lead to loss of sustainable development of animal husbandry, vegetation loss and other pasture degradation process (erosion, soil loss, emergence of unspecific vegetation). In order to prevent region’s biodiversity loss it is imminent to conduct determination of pasture’s grass composition which will lead to determination of species, pasture capacity and grass energy value.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Natalija Markova Ruzdik
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2012 13:09
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2015 12:39
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/927

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