Epidemiology of Down’s syndrome in the Republic of Macedonia during the period of 1995 - 2007

Zdravkovska, Milka and Pavlovska, Irina (2010) Epidemiology of Down’s syndrome in the Republic of Macedonia during the period of 1995 - 2007. Acta Morphologica, 7 (1). pp. 69-72. ISSN 1409-9837

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Abstract

Down’s syndrome is an archetypal chromosome disorder and it is the first medical condition manifested as a chromosomal abnormality. The aim of this paper was to determine the incidence and prevalence rates of Down’s syndrome in the Republic of Macedonia during the period from 1995 to 2007 as well as to analyze all patients by gender, age, type of chromosomal aberration, maternal age, paternal age and degree of mental retardation. This is a descriptive study and the investigation was realized in the Institute of Mental Health of Children and Young Adults at the Health Center in Skopje. The investigation included all patients with Down’s syndrome with or without mental retardation who have been registered during the period of 1995-2007. Data were taken from the existing outpatient diaries and registers of the Institute of Mental Health of Children and Young Adults in Skopje. In the period from 1995 to 2007, there were 89 registered patients with Down’s syndrome, of whom 47 (53%) were males and 42 (47%) females. The biggest incidence rate was in 1995 – 0.96/100 000 inhabitants, and the smallest in 2002 – 0.045/100 000 inhabitants. Prevalence rate of Down’s syndrome in our country during the examined period was 4.38/100 000 inhabitants. Free trisomy 21 was diagnosed in 66 (74%) of our subjects. Key words: Down’s syndrome, incidence, prevalence, risk factor

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Milka Zdravkovska
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2014 10:02
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2014 10:02
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/8923

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