Variety specifity of soft wheat in conditions of organic and conventional production

Ilievski, Mite (2009) Variety specifity of soft wheat in conditions of organic and conventional production. PhD thesis, Универзитет „Св. Кирил и Методи“ - Скопје.

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In The period 2004-2008 examinations with ten varieties of soft winter wheat (milenka, bistra, lizinka, altana, mila, orovčanka, olga, agrounija prima, podobrena orovčanka and pelisterka) were conducted and were set in conditions of organic and conventional production. The main goal was to determine the differences of morphological, biological and production characteristics of the examined varieties, to determine the adequate agricultural engineering, the differences between organic and conventional production, as well as to choose adequate genotypes for both growing systems in certain soil and climatic conditions in the region and in Republic of Macedonia, which will be the most suitable and would guarantee high and steady yield. Comparing the varieties in the both growing systems by the yield, it could be noted that all varieties grown in conditions of organic production have higher yield than those grown in conditions of conventional production. Variety with the highest average yield of the examined genotypes is mila (6570 kg/ha), with 5760 kg/ha in conventional production and 7380 kg/ha in organic production. Independently of the years, varieties, soil and climatic conditions, growing system and used agricultural engineering, the general average yield of the winter soft wheat is 5877 kg/ha. Variety with biggest content of proteins in the grain is lizinka (15,0%), which in the system of conventional production had 15,3% proteins, and in the system of organic production 14,8% proteins. Varieties agrounija prima, mila and bistra could be recommended as most suitable genotypes for getting high yield with good quality in conventional production of wheat, and the varieties podobrena orovčanka, lizinka, mila, bistra, orovčanka and olga as the most suitable varieties for getting high yield with good quality in organic production of wheat. Key words: wheat, varieties, variety specifity, conventional, organic, yield, quality.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Mite Ilievski
Date Deposited: 28 May 2013 08:19
Last Modified: 28 May 2013 08:19

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