HPLC-MS and Spectrophotometric Assay of the Phenolic Content of Macedonian Red and White Grape Varieties

Ivanova, Violeta and Dörnyei, Ágnes and Kilár, Ferenc and Márk, László and Vojnoski, Borimir and Boros, Borbala and Beleski, Klime and Stafilov, Trajče and Stefova, Marina (2009) HPLC-MS and Spectrophotometric Assay of the Phenolic Content of Macedonian Red and White Grape Varieties. In: 8th Balaton Symposium on High-Performance Separation Methods and 15th International Symposium on Separation Sciences, 2-4 Sept 2009, Balaton, Hungary.

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Abstract

Grape polyphenols are characterized by a large range of structures diversely distributed in every part of the berry. The knowledge of the phenolic composition of grapes and its evolution during ripening is thus of crucial importance in relation to food quality. Among the phenolic compounds, the anthocyanins are responsible for the red color of the grapes, which are located in the skins, while flavanols and catechins intervene in their taste (astringency) and bitterness. In this study, the contents of total phenolics, total flavan-3-ols and total anthocyanins were determined in the pulp, skins and seeds of two red, Vranec and Merlot, and two white grape varieties, Smederevka and Chardonnay applying standardized spectrophotometric methods. Extraction of phenolic compounds was performed with acetone/water (80/20, v/v). The obtained results showed that the concentration of total phenols and flavan-3-ols was highest in the skins and seeds of Vranec grapes, while the pulp contained low amounts of these compounds. Chardonnay seeds contained higher amounts of phenolics and flavan-3-ols compared to Smederevka grapes. HPLC-MS analysis was performed in order to identify the phenolic components present in the grape, applying mobile phase consisting of 1 % (v/v) acetic acid in water (solvent A) and 1 % (v/v) acetic acid in methanol (solvent B). The presence of 15 anthocyanins (monoglucosides, acetylgucosides and coumaroylglucosides), 7 flavonols, 5 phenolic acids and derivatives and 3 flavan-3-ols was confirmed in the skins of red grapes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural biotechnology
Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Violeta Ivanova Petropulos
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2012 15:02
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2013 13:02
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/467

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