EU financial assistance to Western Balkan Countries with special focus on Albania

Radosavljevik-Bojceva, Marina and Cabuleva, Kostadinka and Temelkov, Zoran (2012) EU financial assistance to Western Balkan Countries with special focus on Albania. First International Conference-South-East European Countries towards European Integration.

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The overall objective of EU financial assistance is to help prepare the Western Balkan countries to meet the challenges of future EU membership. From 2000 to 2007, SAPARD, ISPA, PHARE and CARDS were financial instruments which help candidate and potential candidate countries to carry out reforms, important for accession preparations, as per the membership criteria, but also for the economic and social modernization of the countries. In 2007, with a view to streamline all pre-accession in a single framework and under the same regulation, the new Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) replaced the previous pre-accession programmes. The main objective of the IPA is to help the countries to face the challenge of European integration, to implement the reforms needed to meet EU requirements and progress in the Stabilization and Association Process and to lay the foundations for fulfilling Copenhagen criteria for the EU membership. The European Union, in the last few decades, has been particularly interested in providing support to countries which are potential candidates such as Albania. In the past, until 2007, the EU supported Albania through various instruments like: ECHO-Humanitarian Aid programme, PHARE and CARDS. The IPA 2007-2013 is aimed at supporting the accession process of Albania focusing on political, institutional and economic transition. EU assistance has been delivered within four priority areas: public administration; justice and home affairs; economic development; and environment and infrastructure. Key words: potential candidate, assistance, financial instrument, accession preparations, membership criteria, requirements.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences > Economics and business
Divisions: Faculty of Economics
Depositing User: Kostadinka Cabuleva
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2012 09:53
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2012 09:53

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