The Republic of Macedonia and the migrant crisis: history and perspectives

Iliev, Andrej and Iliev, Jovan (2018) The Republic of Macedonia and the migrant crisis: history and perspectives. Contemporary Macedonian Defence – International Scientific Defence, Security and Peace Journal, 18 (35). pp. 39-56. ISSN 1409-8199

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Abstract

Europe and the world today are facing the worst migrant crisis since the Second World War. The reasons that led to this are diametrically different: fleeing from war sufferings, seeking a better life, leaving non-functional states to escape from various types of extremism and terrorism. The escalation of the migrant crisis began with subsequent changes and revolutions in the Arab world known as the “Arab Spring” and the Middle East wars in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. As a result of the escalation of the migrant crisis,European Union and Southeast Europe have faced a number of challenges that require immediate action for protection of their security. The migrant wave moves towards Western Europe as their ultimate destination for securing their lives and finding the basic economic conditions to survive, they pass through a great number of countries of South Eastern Europe. On this migrant journey, the Republic of Macedonia is one of the main transit countries on the Balkan Route. The migrant crisis with its characteristics has immediate negative effects on the economies of the countries, affecting the demographic structure and containing the capacity to jeopardize the security in the countries of the European Union and Southeast Europe. The war in Syria began in 2011, and even then, a large number of Syrian people moved to nearby states in refugee camps in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt. As a consequence of the geopolitical turmoil in the Middle East and the intervention of the Islamic State the situation in Syria, in the spring of 2013, escalated in a civil war which become more brutal, and the wave of refugees became more intense. As a consequence of the migrant crisis, the security problem has come to the fore, which reflects the real picture that the European Union is not sufficiently prepared to organize and oppose the emerging problems. On the contrary, disadvantaged states themselves and individuals were organized, each in their own way, which also created difficulties for mutual relations between certain neighbouring countries, as is in the case with the Republic of Macedonia. From the summer of 2015 till today, the Republic of Macedonia, including all state institutions and organizations, intensively undertook, and still undertakes, a number of measures and activities for preventing the threats and consequences from the migrant crisis. All this actions are in the line with maintaining the security of the state and the security of all its citizens which live in the Republic of Macedonia. Keywords: migrant crisis, crisis management, leadership, security crisis, integration strategy

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Humanities > History and archaeology
Divisions: Military Academy
Depositing User: Andrej Iliev
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2019 09:35
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2019 09:35
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/22902

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