Mass migration as asymmetric threat to the national security of modern democratic states

Taneski, Nenad and Petrovski, Aleksandar (2018) Mass migration as asymmetric threat to the national security of modern democratic states. Migrant and refugee crisis in a globalized world: responsibilities and responses, 1. ISSN 978-608-238-156-5

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Abstract

In the 21st century, two very important factors have a special significance for national security. The first one is the demographic movement of people, and the second one is the enormously increased threats from militant Islamic organizations. Those militant terrorist organizations misuse those large-scale demographic movements and exploit the weakness of immigration policies and laws established in Western democracies. Today, the management of mass migration and the refugee crisis in the Middle East presents a serious security challenge for democratic states. This concern is real because migration flows have a major impact on the spread of international terrorism and endangering the basic national security interests of states. As one might expect, migration management is a far greater security challenge for smaller, weaker countries than for developed and modern societies. Refugees and migrants from their homeland bring their own culture, beliefs, fears and hopes, and Western democratic states can only assume whether they want to integrate or assimilate into Western culture. Mass migration and refugee crisis directly affect national security in terms of increased criminal, terrorist and extremist activities, trafficking in human beings, ethnic tensions and sectarian violence. These activities directly affect the state's capacities, autonomy and the power of the state. However, the threat is not systematic, but appears in certain aggravating circumstances as an illegal migration largely made up of groups of people of different ethnic belonging. In a new global security environment, countries that are able to formulate and implement migration policies will be safer. National security means, among other things, not only securing the borders of the state, maintaining the power of the army and protect its national sovereignty, but also including appropriate policies with consider to migrants, asylum seekers and refugees. This scientific paper will identify the potential threats from the migrant and refugee crisis for Western democratic states, the measures that can be taken, and the revision of existing approaches to conducting this asymmetric threat in the direction of strengthening national security.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mass migration, national security, asymmetric threat, terrorism,
Subjects: Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Social Sciences > Political Science
Divisions: Military Academy
Depositing User: Nenad Taneski
Date Deposited: 23 May 2019 08:30
Last Modified: 23 May 2019 08:30
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/22012

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