Neurorehabilitation in a case of Myasthenia Gravis

Manov, Dean and Taseva, Elena and Toneva, Stojkica and Vasileva, Dance (2017) Neurorehabilitation in a case of Myasthenia Gravis. In: 3rd Congress of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics and Regional Teaching Course of the EAN, 5-8 Oct 2017, Sofia, Bulgaria.

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Myasthenia Gravis is a specific autoimmune disease of the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction. In the area of the neuromuscular synapse, there is a blockage of the acetylcholine’s receptors, which disables the creation of muscle action potential and transmission of the signal from the neuron to the muscle. The blockage is due to presence of antibodies on the acetylcholine’s receptors. Objective of the study is to trace the impact of the applied neurorehabilitation in a case of generalized adult form of myasthenia gravis. Sources and methods The subject of the case is a 30 years old female patient with generalized adult form of myasthenia gravis (medium severe form). Clinical symptoms started with fatigue which appeared during the day, absent in the morning. Later were developed ptosis and diplopia, difficulty in speech, chewing and swallowing, nasal speech, muscle weakness in upper and lower extremities. Neurorehabilitation is appointed for period of 6 weeks in home condition, including medicament therapy – acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, Prostigmin, ordinated 15mg per os, corticosteroids and kinesitherapy 3 times a week with duration of one hour with medium intensity of the load, with a rest between the separate exercises, without reaching tiredness. Also, breathing exercises, passive-active exercises, analytical exercises for upper and lower extremities, exercises for improvement of the muscle strength, balance and coordination in siting and standing exercises and massages are being used. Muscle weakness test are being used to follow the effect of the applied therapy – MMT, measuring the volume of the muscles with centimeters, Bal’s score of subjective complains – pain, squats per minute. The changes in patient’s motoric activities are checked twice in home condition rehabilitation. Results and discussion By measuring the muscle volume in centimeters and the muscle weakness test – MMT, improvement of muscle volume and strength were noticed, due to the systematical procedures of kinesitherapy and strength exercises for upper and lower extremities. The score of subjective complains is lower with decreasing of the pain and significantly improved results in the test of squats per minute, due to the improved strength of the lower extremities. Conclusion The efficiency of the directed and structured exercises is proved by the improvement of the functionality, aerobic capacity for exercising and muscle strength. The biggest benefit is reached by combined complex medicament therapy and multidisciplinary rehabilitation, in order to lower the clinical symptoms of the disease, lower the functional deficits and improvement of the functional performances. When properly directed and dosed, neurorehabilitation can prevent the secondary health issues like obesity, coronary heart disease and osteoporosis. Keywords: kinesitherapy, myasthenia gravis, muscle weakness, neurorehabilitation

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: kinesitherapy, myasthenia gravis, muscle weakness, neurorehabilitation
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Dance Vasileva
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2017 09:51
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 09:51

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