Дискурсниот маркер ама: прагматичка анализа на неговата употреба во говорните чинови на несогласување (The Discourse Marker "ама": pragmatic analysis of its use in the speech act of disagreement)

Kusevska, Marija (2012) Дискурсниот маркер ама: прагматичка анализа на неговата употреба во говорните чинови на несогласување (The Discourse Marker "ама": pragmatic analysis of its use in the speech act of disagreement). Меѓународно списание Македонски јазик. ISSN 0025-1089

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Abstract

This paper looks at ама as an adversative discourse marker in speech acts of disagreement. Placed in the second adjacency pair, it implies direct disagreement, oppositional stance, elimination of the proposition of the previous utterance as irrelevant, etc. Ама intensifies the disagreement and highlights the speaker’s self-confidence, assertiveness and persistance. Accompanied by certain linguistic means it may contribute to the emotional build-up of the utterance. This meaning of ама is further intensified by additional linguistic intensifiers such as repetition of a key word from the previous utterance (Ама стои!), an adversative imperative (Ама види, чекај, слушај), a personal name (Ама, Марија!), or another discourse marker (Ама добро!) As ама is obviously one of the strongest intensifiers, Macedonian speakers sometimes use mitigating devices in order to soften their utterances. Even then the speaker’s insistence and assertion dominate the utterance. Ама does not always refer to the previous adjacency utterance. On the contrary, the speaker may even acknowlegde the previous utterance as possible; what he or she does not agree with is often implicit, derived by inferencing. It is obvious that the semantic and pragmatic scope of ама is much wider than it is presented here. Sometimes its meaning is not connected with its basic meaning of expressing contrast and difference, but is derived from its functional role in framing conversation. In this article, however, the author focuses on the use of ама in speech acts of disagreement only.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Humanities > Languages and literature
Divisions: Faculty of Philology
Depositing User: Marija Kusevska
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2012 10:52
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2012 07:59
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/1822

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