Effect of cryoprotectant mannitol in freeze-drying of rituximab immunoconjugates

Smilkov, Katarina and Gjorgieva Ackova, Darinka and Janevik-Ivanovska, Emilija and Gjorgoski, Icko (2016) Effect of cryoprotectant mannitol in freeze-drying of rituximab immunoconjugates. In: XXIV Congress of Chemists and Technologists of Macedonia, 11-14 Sep 2016, Ohrid, R. Macedonia.

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Abstract

The chimeric anti-CD-20 antibody, rituximab is among standard treatment regimes in treating B-cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The possibility of conjugation and subsequent radiolabeling with beta (gamma) - emmiting radioisotopes can provide an added value to this therapeutical, thus increasing the possibility of targeted action to mature, malignant B-cells. Furthermore, designing a “ready to label”, freeze-dried immunoconjugate holds much advantages both in preserving the antibody stability and in the preparation and labeling with radioisotopes. Design of freeze-dried immunoconjugate kit was the main aim of this work, specifically in decision whether to add or not a cryoprotective and bulking agent, mannitol. For this purpose, rituximab, previously conjugated with three different bifunctional chelating agents, p-SCN-Bn-DOTA, p-SCN-Bn-DTPA and 1B4M-DTPA, adjusted to concentration of 1 mg/mL in 0.1M PBS (pH=8.0), with and without 10 mg/mL mannitol was freeze-dried, using Labconco Free Zone Stoppering Tray Dryer (USA). The immunoconjugate was gradually frozen, from 5°C to -40 °C, at a rate of 0.40 °C/min, with retention time (RT) 3 h, followed by annealing step at -15 °C with RT of 6 h and again cooling to -40 °C with RT of two hours. The primary drying was conducted at -10 °C, with heating rate of 0.15 °C/min, and a RT of 25 hours, and the secondary drying at a temperature of 25 °C, with a heating rate of 0.15 °C/min, and RT of 11 hours. The freeze-dried samples were reconstituted with 0.9% NaCl, separated in Sephadex G25 column and resulted fractions analysed for absorbance at 280nm, using UV spectrophotometer (Jenway UV/VIS spectrophotometer 6715). The results, given as chromatographic profile of eluted fractions at 280nm, revealed no significant difference in profiles of samples containing mannitol vs. samples that did not contain mannitol. This result gave us the basis for further experiments in assessing long- term stability and optimizing radiolabeling experiments with the samples without mannitol in formulation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Medical and Health Sciences > Health biotechnology
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Katarina Smilkov
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2017 13:00
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2017 13:00
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/17133

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