Trends in bio-processing of textiles

Mojsov, Kiro (2014) Trends in bio-processing of textiles. Advanced technologies, 3 (2). pp. 135-138. ISSN 2217-9720

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Abstract

This review highlights the use of enzymes in textile industry. Amylases have been used for desizing since the middle of the last century. The industrial use of biotechnology is bringing about new products and processes aimed at the use of renewable resources, as well as the application of green technologies with low energy consumption and environmentally acceptable processes. Textile processing is a growing industry that has traditionally used a lot of water, energy and harsh chemicals. Due to the ever growing costs of water and energy worldwide, the investigations are carried out to substitute conventional chemical textile processes by environmentally friendly and economically attractive bioprocesses using enzymes. The application of cellulases for denim finishing and laccases for decolourization of textile effluents, and textile bleaching are most recent commercial advances. New developments rely on the modification of natural and synthetic fibres. This work represents a review of enzyme applications in textile processes. The described bio-processings were accompanied by a significantly lower consumption of energy, water, chemicals, time and costs. So it has advantages as well as in terms of ecology as in economy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: enzymes, biotechnology, textile fibres, textile bio-processing.
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Industrial Biotechnology
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Kiro Mojsov
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2015 14:16
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2015 14:16
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/12667

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