Effective Participation of Ethnic Communities Vulnerable to Racial Discrimination (ECVRD) in the Public Life of the Western Balkans, Case Macedonia

Ananiev, Jovan (2011) Effective Participation of Ethnic Communities Vulnerable to Racial Discrimination (ECVRD) in the Public Life of the Western Balkans, Case Macedonia. In: Effective Participation of Ethnic Communities Vulnerable to Racial Discrimination in the Public Life of the Western Balkans. Union of Balkan Egyptions, Skopje, pp. 111-135.

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Abstract

The Preamble of the fi rst Constitution of Macedonia from 1991 defi ned the State as: “a national state of the Macedonian people, in which full equality as citizens and permanent co-existence with the Macedonian people is provided for Albanians, Turks, Vlachs, Romanies and other nationalities living in the Republic of Macedonia…. “ However, this formula was amended following the dramatic events from 2001, when an internal armeconfl ict occurred between the Albanian groups and the Government forces. The new Preamble referred to: “Citizens of the Republic of Macedonia, the Macedonian people, as well as citizens who live within its borders and are members of the Albanian people, Turkish people, Vlah people, Serbian people, Roma people, Bosniak people and other…….” The armed conl ict ended with the Ohrid Framework Agreement which introduced major changes of the Constitution and the legislation46. A multicultural model of a state was envisaged, based on Lijphartian consociativist model47. Balanced representation of the ethnic communities in the institutions of the State and minority rights were guaranteed. Thus, instead of being a Nation-State of the Macedonians where other numerous people live, according to the changes, the State became multicultural, albeit unitary.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Social Sciences > Law
Social Sciences > Political Science
Divisions: Faculty of Law
Depositing User: Jovan Ananiev
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2012 07:18
Last Modified: 15 May 2013 13:49
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/971

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