International and National Legal Framewor for Human Rights for Macedonia: A Human Rights Based Approach to MDG- based Development Planning and Poverty Reduction (integral version)

Ananiev, Jovan and Sax, Helmut (2006) International and National Legal Framewor for Human Rights for Macedonia: A Human Rights Based Approach to MDG- based Development Planning and Poverty Reduction (integral version). University of Vienna- Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Vienna. ISBN 9989-2536-3-3

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Abstract

“The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the world’s time-bound and quantified targets for addressing extreme poverty in its many dimensions — income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter and exclusion — while promoting gender equality, education, and environmental sustainability. In essence, they are also basic human rights — the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter, and security as pledged in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN Millennium Declaration. This clear link is further exemplified by the 2002 UN Draft Guidelines on a Human Rights Approach to Poverty Reduction Strategies (“Draft Poverty Guidelines”), which are used as another reference tool in this document. In conclusion, the human rights approach adds to development and poverty reduction efforts a binding normative framework linked to empowerment and accountability. Decentralization aims to enable the citizens, either directly or indirectly, to be more involved in the decision making process in a wider number of areas such as education, urban and rural planning, health, culture, and local economic development. The Republic of Macedonia, upon adopting the Law on Local Self-Government in 2002, commenced this challenging process of transferring responsibilities from the national to the local/Municipal level. Both elementary and secondary education came under the Municipal jurisdiction starting July 1, 2005. This transfer means that the Municipalities assumed ownership over school buildings, and other property related to elementary and secondary education, as well as responsibility for the maintenance of school buildings, and the payment of salaries for auxiliary staff. As the process evolves further, the Municipalities will receive additional responsibilities. The process of decentralizing education involves the participation of many stakeholders including school directors, parents and students. The domain of primary and secondary education is covered by the Law on Local Self-Government, the Law on Primary Education and its amendments, the Law on Secondary Education and its amendments, the Law on State Education Inspectorate, and the Law on Financing of the Local Self-Government Units.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: Social Sciences > Law
Social Sciences > Political Science
Divisions: Faculty of Law
Depositing User: Jovan Ananiev
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2012 18:54
Last Modified: 15 May 2013 14:03
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/969

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