Socket preservation procedure after extraction

Dimova, Cena and Papakoca, Kiro (2013) Socket preservation procedure after extraction. In: 25th Symposium and Annual Meeting of The International Society for Ceramics in Medicine, Bioceramics 25, 6-9 Nov 2013, Bucharest, Romania.

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Abstract

Alveolar ridge prophylaxis immediately upon tooth extraction may reduce such sequelae for both, the treating dentist and the patient. Attempts to reduce alveolar bone resorption have included the placement of natural roots, root analogues, and immediate implants into the extraction socket, sometimes in combination with membrane or graft techniques. Various materials are used in modern dental and maxillofacial surgery for bone tissue substitution and reconstruction. All osteoplastic materials can be divided into four groups by origin: autogenic, allogenic, xenogenic and synthetic. The development of new medical technologies enables use of achievements in material science, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetic engineering while creating new combined synthetic materials for bone grafting. Alveolar ridge resorption has long been considered an unavoidable consequence of tooth extraction. Atrophy of the alveolar bone may cause significant esthetic and surgical problems in implantation, as well as at prosthetic and restorative dentistry. Guided bone-regeneration techniques and the use of bone-replacement materials have been shown to enhance socket healing and potentially modify the resorption process. In the current review of the literature, techniques for alveolar ridge preservation are discussed.This review describes the socket preservation, and the various techniques and materials used for extraction site grafting. Synthetic resorbable materials were intended as an inexpensive substitute for natural hydroxyapatite (HAP). Synthetic graft materials include various types of calcium phosphate ceramics: tribasic calcium phosphate; bioglass; HAP and its compositions with collagen, sulphated glycosaminoglycans such as keratan and chrondroitin sulphate as well as with sulphate and calcium phosphate . Now, many various forms of porous nanostructured calcium phosphate ceramics, bone cements, biohybrids and biocomposite compounds have been created on the basis of HAP.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Cena Dimova
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2013 15:09
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2014 08:51
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/8082

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