Mineral nutrient imbalance, total antioxidants level and DNA damage in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) exposed to heavy metals

Gjorgieva Ackova, Darinka and Kadifkova-Panovska, Tatjana and Ruskovska, Tatjana and Baceva, Katerina and Stafilov, Trajče (2013) Mineral nutrient imbalance, total antioxidants level and DNA damage in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) exposed to heavy metals. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 19 (4). pp. 499-507.

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-01...

Abstract

The present study aimed to analyze the biological effects induced by bioaccumulation of metals in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Effects of mineral nutrient imbalance, total antioxidants level and DNA damage induced by accumulation of heavy metals, were investigated in bean seedlings treated with two selected metal concentrations for 7 days. Metal content is analyzed by inductively coupled plasma – atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES), for total antioxidants level assessment the Ferric-Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) assay is used and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method was applied for investigation of DNA damages. The increasing metal concentration in the treatment medium changed synchronously metal content in samples, and decreased total antioxidant activity in all samples with exception only for samples treated with Ni and Cd. The obtained “DNA fingerprints” demonstrated that the increasing metal concentrations induced changes in RAPD profiles (disappearance and/or appearance of bands in comparison with untreated control samples). The highest number of missing bands was observed in samples treated with zinc (total 4 bands) and nickel (total 4 bands) at both concentrations. These results suggested that mineral nutrient imbalance is involved in changes of antioxidant levels and DNA damages of the seedlings, which may help to understand the mechanism of metal toxicity in plants.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Natural sciences > Biological sciences
Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Tatjana Ruskovska
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2013 11:51
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 10:36
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/8029

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