Toward Proactive Peacekeeping Operations within the R2P

Hadji-Janev, Metodi and Poposka, Vesna (2013) Toward Proactive Peacekeeping Operations within the R2P. In: R2P in Theory and Practice. GV Zalozba, pp. 605-626.

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Abstract

The main goal of Responsibility to protect (R2P) is a responsibility to prevent conflicts and negative effects that come along. In order to create healthy environment that will support further retaliation and grievances effective R2P requires a responsibility to prevent, rebuild, reconcile, and reconstruct fragile or post-conflict environment. Envisioned as set of principles that provides the international community with a framework for taking action to prevent or stop these residual effects of conflicts R2P doctrine among other advances new tasks for peacekeepers. The new role that peacekeepers should play in support of R2P requires different operational capability. On one hand in this new environment (set by the R2P principles) the objectives that determine success are nothing like traditional war fighting (i.e. to destroy enemy’s capacities, not just to stop particular kinds of violence and intimidation). Nevertheless these objectives are neither like traditional peacekeeping (i.e. there is a peace to keep and is concerned essentially with monitoring, supervision, and verification). Considering the role which peacekeepers should play in the complex environment, the main objective of the article is to emphasize how peacekeepers could act proactively during their future involvement while supporting R2P pillar two in practice. Therefore the article first briefly describes why prevention is utmost dimension and the core value of R2P. Then it argues that although preventive action is granted that does not mean success by definition. To prove this article analyzes several cases where United Nations has employed preventive force. To be successful peacekeepers need to focus on prevention by building capacities among local stakeholders. To achieve this, soldiers on the ground should link their lines of operation to the desired political end-states that have evoked R2P. While accomplishing their missions under the framework of prevention peacekeepers need to galvanize their actions in accordance with the social, cultural, religious, ethnic, economic and other forces that shape the dynamics of their theater of operation. Therefore if we are about to expect success in preventing human suffering and effective R2P building “strategic corporals” is something the UN should stimulate through the member states.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Social Sciences > Law
Divisions: Military Academy
Depositing User: Metodi Hadzi-Janev
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2013 13:49
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2013 10:12
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/7890

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