Brucellosis- Advanced Diagnostic Methods and Update on Epidemiology/ Epizootology in the Balkan Region

Taleski, Vaso (2005) Brucellosis- Advanced Diagnostic Methods and Update on Epidemiology/ Epizootology in the Balkan Region. Proceedings: The Third World Congress on Chemical, Biological and Radiological Terrorism. pp. 349-356.

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Brucellosis is a typical zoonotic disease caused by organisms of genus brucella, a potential bio-warfare agent. Humans become infected by ingestion of animal food products, direct contact with infected animals or inhalation of infectious aerosols. Different diagnostic tests, ranging from culture, serologic test (Slide Agglutination Test, Tube Agglutination Test, Antihuman Globulin Test, 2-Mercaptoethanol Test, Fluorescent Polarization Test, ELISA) and numerous PCR-based assays are available. Brucellosis remains a worldwide veterinary, medical and economical problem (Mediterranean Basin, South and Central America, Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, Caribbean and Middle East). There are no enough accessible reliable data concerning epidemiology and episootology of brucellosis in some countries in Central and Southeast Europe (Balkan region). According official and published data countries in Balkan region belongs to countries with: a) significant problems with brucellosis in animals and human as: Macedonia (sheep, goats and human), Greece and Turkey (sheep, goats, cattle and human), b) with less significant problems, but disease present in animals and human: Serbia & Montenegro (and Kosovo), Bosnia & Herzegovina and Albania, c) free from brucellosis as: Slovenia, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria. Slovenia, Croatia and Romania had no brucellosis caused by B.melitensis or B. abortus and no human cases in last 10 years. In Bulgaria, occasionally, there are imported cases of human brucellosis (recent outbreak between shepherds from region of Sliven, who worked at a Greek farm, two of them have died). Mentioned countries have different approach to control brucellosis due different significance of the existing problem. However, financial and expert’s well supported, long-term, common programs to control, eradicate and prevent spreading the disease to countries and regions free from brucellosis, are necessity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Vaso Taleski
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2013 08:26
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2013 08:26

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