Characterization of a maleic anhydride-modified polypropylene as an adhesion promoter for glass fiber composites

Janevski, Aco and Bogoeva-Gaceva, Gordana and Mader, Edit (2000) Characterization of a maleic anhydride-modified polypropylene as an adhesion promoter for glass fiber composites. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 14 (3). pp. 363-380.

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Abstract

Isothermal and nonisothermal crystallizations of isotactic polypropylene (iPP), maleic anhydride (MAH)-grafted PP, and MAH-modified iPP were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), to evaluate the influence of a small amount of MAH-grafted PP in iPP on its crystallization behavior. Isothermal crystallization was followed in the temperature range from 391 K to 403 K, and the rate constant and Avrami exponents were determined. Nonisothermal crystallization was carried out at different cooling rates (1-20 K/min). It was found that the crystallization kinetics of iPP was significantly altered by modification with the MAH-grafted polymer. A decreased equilibrium melting temperature, as well as decreased surface energy of folding and critical dimensions of a growing nucleus, was determined for the MAH-modified iPP, indicating faster growth of lamellae and a higher rate of crystallization. The improved nucleation ability of the modified polymer was shown to cause a shift in the crystallization peak temperature towards higher values (from 393.7 K to 399.6 K, at a cooling rate of 1 K/min), resulting in crystal structures less disposed to recrystallization. Model composites of iPP and MAH-modified iPP with glass fibers were also analysed. The apparent shear strength of single-fiber model composites with MAH-modified iPP was drastically increased compared with homo-iPP.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Materials engineering
Engineering and Technology > Other engineering and technologies
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Aco Janevski
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2013 13:44
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2013 13:44
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/6027

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