Republic of Macedonia and neighbourhood economic cooperation: past trends and future perspectives in transport infrastructure

Temjanovski, Riste (2012) Republic of Macedonia and neighbourhood economic cooperation: past trends and future perspectives in transport infrastructure. In: “From Liberalization to Globalization – Challenges in the Changing World”, 13th –15th September 2012, University “Goce Delcev”-Stip Faculty of Economics.

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This paper consider some basic factors for neighboring economic cooperation: transport infrastructure and trade facilities. Transport represents one of the most important human activities worldwide. It is an indispensable component of the economy and plays a major role in spatial relations between locations. In recent decades the international flow of trade and finance has grown to unprecedented levels and become essential to the world economy. The impact of transportation infrastructure on regional cooperation (Western Balkans region) can be reflected through changes in the accessibility of the region affected. Lack of connectivity implies lack of choice, higher transport costs and trade barriers. Good transportation networks are necessary to inter-link potential growth centers connect to border trade points and support economic, social and security needs and promote tourism. The transport sector has an important role in the Macedonian national economy. In addition, the Republic of Macedonia should take advantage of its position, because such as South-East European country, it is at intersection of routes to Balkans, Mediterranean and Caspian Region and Asia. Republic of Macedonia is promoting the concept of EU Neighborhood Policy into the transport field for better connection the EU with the neighboring countries and regions. The major transnational axes are those which contribute most to promote the international exchanges and traffic as well as to enable regional cooperation and integration. Creation of a common market is necessary for the region to develop as an entity and realize the goals of peace and prosperity innovation and intellectual opportunity. But one mode of transport is consistently predominant in transport and trade of passengers and goods in transport policy of R.Macedonia. Road transport was the main mode of transport used for trade with neighboring and European countries. The analysis of external trade shows that road transport was by far the most used mode of transport for trade. Road transport was the main mode for 92% of exports and 79% of imports by value (the same transport mode participate with 89% over the five past years of export by volume and 72% of import by volume) with 92% by value. Also showing a higher percentage in terms of volume than value, rail transport accounted only between 12-20% by volume and between 5-10% by value. The integration of Macedonia's transport system into that of the EU should be taken into account in implementing the Trans-European transport policy; the EU has drawn up its transport policy with a focus on three areas: improvement of the quality of transport with the help of modern technology, taking into consideration the environment and safety; improvement of the internal market mechanisms by expanding the range of transport options available to passengers, whilst keeping in mind the standard of living; expansion of the volume of work for transport companies by improvement of transport connections between countries and the penetration of new markets. Macedonia must improve transport infrastructure for closer integration of countries in neighboring. Key words: transport infrastructure, transport policy, external trade, Western Balkans, common market

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Social Sciences > Economics and business
Divisions: Faculty of Economics
Depositing User: Riste Temjanovski
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2012 11:47
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2012 14:21

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