Полска семантичка синтакса / The Polish School of Semantic Syntax

Nikolovska, Violeta (2012) Полска семантичка синтакса / The Polish School of Semantic Syntax. Прилози (Contributions), XXXVI (1-2). pp. 235-254. ISSN 0350-1914

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The Polish School of semantic syntax, in its form as portrayed in this paper, gives us a model of a description of a language in which semantic syntax takes the highest place in the hierarchy. It is placed above the structural syntax, which in turn is set hierarchically above the syntax of linearization. The generating of sentences in this model is done in such a way that semantic structures are initially generated. With the formal syntactic rules, these structures receive correct grammatical forms which, by applying the rules of linearization, are properly arranged in time (while speaking) and in space (while writing). The terms predicate and argument are terms that refer to the semantic level of language. Predicates, according to their semantic properties, open positions for arguments. The number of positions for arguments and the selection of their semantic features represent a semantic-syntactic feature of the predicate. Structures that occur as a result of linking predicates with arguments implied by them are called predicate - argument structures. At the formal level, they correspond with predicate - argument expressions composed of a predicative expression and linguistic expressions in the position of its arguments. We can distinguish primary versus derived predicate - argument structures (PAS). Fundamental PAS are the basic constituent parts of basic sentences, and derived PAS – of the derived sentences. The term explicative models denote the ones obtained from the semantic-syntactic models by applying the rules of reduction transformation. They reflect the properties of surface structures. They can be complete - when all the elements of semantic-syntactic patterns are realized on the surface, and incomplete - when some of the elements of these models are not realized on the surface. Basic PAS complete the complete explicative models, while the derived ones complete the incomplete explicative models.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Humanities > Languages and literature
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Science
Depositing User: Violeta Nikolovska
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2012 10:43
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2012 10:43
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/3321

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