Use of ozone in restorative dentistry and endodontics

Kovacevska, Ivona and Longurova, Natasa (2019) Use of ozone in restorative dentistry and endodontics. In: Knowledge – International Journal Vol. 34.4, Sept, 2019, Kavala, Greece.

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Abstract

The use of ozone in dentistry was suggested because of its antimicrobial, disinfectant, biocompatibility and therapeutic properties. In the last decade, the number of therapeutic ozone fluids has been detected to present frequent dental infections associated with periodontal disease, endodontic treatments and cavities. Despite these advantages, ozone therapy in dentistry is limited due to possible side effects. Therefore, dentists should know about the proper use of ozone therapy that can provide better patient care and significantly reduce the time and costs of treatment. The ozone is successfully used in the field of medicine in developed countries and in our country. Its powerful anti-inflammatory properties, along with the favorable cellular and humoral immune response, makes the ozone effective in therapeutic purposes. Also, his ability to stop, or to make a reversion of the caries phases in a predictable way, opened a new chapter in minimal invasive dentistry. This study is based on searching information through valid textbooks, reviews, journals and medline / pubmed. Since its introduction in 1840, the use of ozone has proven to be a new therapeutic modality of great benefit to patients. The powerful antimicrobial efficacy of ozone, along with its capacity to stimulate the circulatory system and modulate the immune response, makes it a therapeutic agent of choice in the treatment of medical pathologies and infectious oral diseases. The use of ozone is an easy and painless modality of treatment. The effect of ozone is double and at the same time; it generates direct reactions at the molecular level in the medium in which it is released and indirectly destroys the bacteria by producing free radicals. It is generally accepted that ozone oxidation begins with the destruction of cell walls and cytoplasmic membranes of microorganisms; after damage to the membrane permeability increases and ozone molecules can easily enter the cells. In dentistry, most of the published articles are based on the antimicrobial effects of ozone present in the treatment of cavities. Ozone therapy is more favorable than the existing conventional therapeutic modalities that follow the minimally invasive application in dental treatment. Ozone is a promising modality for treating various teeth problems in the future. But at present, the ozone is addition to the already existing conventional modalities of dental treatment and should be used in combination until more research shows the benefit of its use alone. Keywords: antimicrobial, ozone, ozone therapy, endodontic treatment, caries.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Ivona Kovacevska
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2020 12:32
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 12:32
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/23510

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