Oral manifestation due tobacco addiction

Toneva Nikolova, Aleksandra and Toneva, Verica and Kovacevska, Ivona and Kocovski, Darko and Longurova, Natasa (2018) Oral manifestation due tobacco addiction. In: Knowledge - International Journal, Vrnjacka Banja 2018.

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Abstract

The tobacco usage disorder is the most common society accepted addiction. According to the definition includes a strong desire to use tobacco, difficulties in controlling its use, persisting in its use despite harmful consequences, a higher priority given to drug use than to other activities and obligations, increased tolerance, and a physical withdrawal state. Although tobacco is classified as addiction and affects the mental health, also it has effects on the every organ in the body. Tobacco is associated with a lot of diseases in the organism, such as cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, bladder cancer and precancerous lesions and cancer in the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx. The effects of the tobacco in the oral cavity are tooth stains, abrasions, keratotic patches, nicotinic stomatitis, palatal erosions, leucoplakia, epithelial dysplasia and squamous-cell carcinoma. A dark brown to black discolouration is seen on the tooth due to smoking and combination of coffee. Dental abrasions are caused by smokeless tobacco or pipe smoking. Smoking also affects the gingiva and can lead to propagation of periodontal diseases. The smoke of the cigarette contribute to the deposition of the dental plaque and depending of the intensity of smoking cause deterioration of the periodontal pockets. On the other hand patients who have dental implants and have continue smoking are at higher risk of failure. Keratotic patches usually are seen on the side on the lip where the cigarette is the most held. This lesions are precancerous and need surgical excision. Usage of tobacco is also related with squamous-cell carcinoma. So tobacco is not only an addiction it’s also a whole body harmful agent. Keywords: tobacco, addiction, risks, oral lesions

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Verica Stojmenova
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2020 11:06
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2020 11:07
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/23365

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