Teacher Education in F.Y.R.O.Macedonia

Barbareev, Kiril and Angeleska, Natasa (2018) Teacher Education in F.Y.R.O.Macedonia. International Handbook of Teacher Education, 1. pp. 301-315. ISSN ISBN: 978-9963-2415-5-2

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Abstract

Although it has more than a thousand year old tradition, primary education in Macedonia, (first schools appeared in the 19th century), remained underdeveloped until 1945. Shortly before the Second World War in Macedonia there were 850 primary schools with 95,010 students and 1561 teacher, or primary education covered only 46.2% of the population. According to the census of 1948, 48.8% of the total population over the age of ten was without any educational qualifications. After World War II and the establishment of the Macedonian state, measures were taken for the rapid development of primary education and for increasing the percentage of population coverage. In this initial period serious efforts were made in terms of its normative and legal regulation. New curricula, decrees and regulations are defined and adopted. With the first Constitution of Macedonia, passed on 31.12.1946, primary education was declared free and compulsory, and school was separated from the church. The first legal document on primary education was adopted in 1948. Under this law, primary education lasted seven years and it was compulsory for all children from 7-15 years of age, and it was realized in: seven-year state schools (so called sedmoletki); four-year primary schools and in first three classes of high school. With the legislation from 1958/59, education was extended to eight years of duration and important basic features were established that have remained almost unchanged until today: Primary education is compulsory for the whole generation aged 7-15 years; It is a mandatory minimum for every young citizen; The system of various general and vocational schools (secondary education) builds on it, as well as the system of institutions and forms of education of adults; It has a general educational character and should provide a solid contemporary general education as a foundation for any further education; Primary education is not selective. Students who completed it have equal or same rights; Primary school is directly connected with the social environment in which it operates.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences > Educational sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Science
Depositing User: Kiril Barbareev
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 11:15
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 11:15
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/22786

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