Incidence of pterygium in Eastern Macedonia for 2018

Gazepov, Strahil and Gorgiev, Alen (2019) Incidence of pterygium in Eastern Macedonia for 2018. Knowledge - International Journal, Scientific Papers, 30 (4). pp. 811-814. ISSN 2545-4439

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Abstract

Pterygium verrum is a common ocular disease with a prevalence ranging between 0.7 and 33% globally. This disease is described as a winged shaped oriented fibrovascular lesion that crosses the nasal or temporal limb and can result in apparent cosmetic problems of significant astigmatism and damage to the vision or blindness due to interference of the vision axis. Pertiguy of the conjunctival pathologically characterized by elastic degeneration and fibrovascular proliferation, it has an advanced part called the head of the pterygium which is associated with the main body of the pterygium by the neck of the pterygium. Surgery is justified for pterygium that is moving closer to the central cornea, unfortunately, the rate of recurrence after surgery is between 30% and 90%. Broad theories regarding the pathogenesis of pertygium verrum include: genetic, environmental, infectious and immune factors. Although the hypothesis that implies ultraviolet radiation as a risk factor is well studied the definitive cause of pertyria, it is not well understood. The pterium is the growth of the conjunctiva or the mucous membrane that covers the white part of the eye above the cornea. More often it occurs in people living in warm climates and spend a lot of outdoor time in sunny or windy environments. People whose eyes regularly are exposed to certain elements have a greater risk of developing this condition. These elements include: pollen, sand, smoke, wind, and more. Symptoms are usually mild and often include redness, blurred vision, and eye irritation. Fatigue or itching may also be felt. Fetuses or larger pterygiums can cause a foreign body feeling in the eye. The pterygium can lead to severe scarring scars, but this phenomenon is rare. Diagnosis of pterygium is clear, diagnosed on the basis of physical examination using a lamp. This lamp allows the eye doctor to see the eye by means of enlargement and light illumination. Additional tests can be performed as a visual acuity test and corneal topography. The pterium usually does not require any treatment unless it blocks the sight or causes serious discomfort. If the pterygium causes severe irritation or redness, eye drops or ocular ointments containing corticosteroids may be used to reduce inflammation. Complete removal of the pterygium is by surgical intervention and is justified only if it obstructs the visual acuity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pterigium, Fibrovascular lesion, Surgery
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Strahil Gazepov
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 08:10
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2019 08:10
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/22086

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