Preposition for new classification of oral mucosal changes

Petrovski, Mihajlo and Dimova, Cena and Terzieva-Petrovska, Olivera (2019) Preposition for new classification of oral mucosal changes. Knowledge – International Journal, 30.4. pp. 901-905. ISSN 2545 – 4439

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Abstract

Problems relating to the classification of oral conditions, diseases and syndromes are numerous and quite complex. A classification is a process of classifying or grouping of conditions, occurrencies or objects according to their common characteristics or qualities, such as classification of diseases by the common etiological,pathogenethic or therapeutic characteristics. Oral medicine and pathology participates in studying of an enormously large number of diseases, conditions and syndromes due to which their classification is really necessary and significant. Therefore it is necessary to do appropriate classification. The classification of diseases is a dynamic category, occasionally according to new findings need to be changed. Classification that can be easily understand and use and that is based on the treatment needs of patients can be considered as the most appropriate of all. Through the past there has been published a number of classification systems in oral medicine and pathology. Realizing the difficulties and disadvantages of the existing classification systems in oral medicine and pathology the main aim of this paper was established - to recommend the usage of a new classification of oral lesions and changes. By the authors of this text, a rather simple classification of the oral lesions in nine basic groups of diseases based on the nature of the disease was made. The first group consists of congenital oral conditions affecting different oral structures. The second group is formed by the variations of the normal mucous membrane, congenital conditions that usually do not require treatment. The third classification group consists of a huge number of oral lesions divided into several groups also subdivided into subgroups. The first group consists of lip lesions, the second is composed of lesions of the tongue, and the third is traumatic hyperkeratosis. The largest group here is oral infections that are subdivided according to the etiological agent of the infection. In this group are also the allergic, extravascular and reactive lesions. The fourth classification group contains precancerous, benign and malignant tumors originating from the oral cavity. The fifth classification group represents xerostomy and lesions that caused by the dry mouth.The sixth classification group contains oral pigmentations that can occur by deposition of physiological or extraoral pigments. The seventh classification group constitutes a large number of lesions that occur parallel to the skin and in the oral cavity, in this case known as oro-dermal diseases. The eighth classification group represents the group of aphthoid lesions, of which aphthous stomatitis is the most well-known disease. The ninth and last-class group covers all diseases affecting salivary glands. We think that the proposed classification of oral diseases and conditions will help those who deal with oral diseases, their diagnosis, differential diagnosis and therapy. Also this classification we hope will help for better understanding and learning of oral lesions by university students, interns, trainees and of course by dental specialists in this area. And finally we hope that this classification of oral diseases, changes and lesions will become part of everyday activities in dental offices.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Mihajlo Petrovski
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2019 09:16
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 09:16
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/21901

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