Allchar a world natural heritage

Jovanovski, Gligor and Boev, Blazo and Stafilov, Trajče and Makreski, Petre and Matevski, Vlado and Boev, Ivan (2018) Allchar a world natural heritage. Other. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Skopje.

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Abstract

The Allchar ore deposit is a long standing enigma for scientists in the fields of geology, geochemistry, mineralogy, physics, chemistry, biology, astrology and plenty of other interdisciplinary scientific areas, but also for lovers of minerals, flora, fauna and, in general, for all enthusiasts interested in discovery of the Sun’s secrets. Although the ore deposit has been known about for a long time (since the 12th or 13th century or, according to some other estimations, even earlier), interest in Allchar ore deposit has considerably increased since 1976, when American scientist Melvin Freedman discovered that the mineral lorandite, TlAsS2, could be used as a geochemical detector of solar neutrinos, and respectively for discovery of the secret regarding the solar age. Allchar has the largest lorandite deposit in the world. Neutrinos are neutral particles with mass very close to zero. They have incredible penetration abilities, and travel from the Sun’s surface at the speed of light, they need around 8 minutes to reach the Earth’s surface. Because they have these properties, practically all neutrinos that strike the Earth penetrate to the opposite side, but nevertheless, an exceptionally small number of them interact with some substances on the Earth. According to Freedman, solar neutrino detection could be based on these rare interactions. Freedman proposed that one of the thallium isotopes (205Tl) in the mineral lorandite, which during the process of interaction with neutrinos transforms into the lead isotope 205Pb, could be used as a neutrino detector. His idea was to analysе thallium-containing lorandite from Allchar and examines the quantity of lead in it as a basis for calculation of the number of neutrinos which over the millennia have passed through the lorandite, enabling the calculation of the Sun’s age. The central focus of this monograph are results from investigations of this type of lorandite from Allchar site and other locations (using other types of detectors) oriented towards estimation of the Sun’s age. At the same time, it provides a comprehensive description of Allchar locality, its geology and the 45 minerals that have thus far been discovered there, as well as the rare types of flora and fauna in this unique locality. There are countless sagas, myths, mysteries, enigmas, and secrets related to Allchar, which make this locality the most mysterious in Macedonia and probably one of the most mysterious mineralogical localities in the world. One of these sagas about mineral lorandite comes from the Alexander the Great period, and according to the source of this story, “the Alexander phalanx in the battles which he always fought exactly at noon and had his troops move from west to east covered their shields with lorandite, and thereby produced a strong reflection from their shields that blinded the opposing army.” Recently, the Internet has been full of stories related to the Allchar locality and the mineral lorandite. One of them is particularly futuristic and states that, “in the case the processes of the solar energy generation to be solved, it would be possible to produce ‘small suns’ being able to release enormous energy as an alternation for the nuclear energy”. The story about the unbelievable power of lorandite is phantasmagorically presented by academic painter Aco Stankovski, who has directed a special movie related to this mineral. The book which is in your hands aims to present to the readers the truth about the unique Allchar locality and about the rare mineral lorandite in order to make an attempt to explain (elucidate) the mysteries of Allchar and let thereby, the sagas and myths which are already embedded in your memory, to remain untouched.

Item Type: Monograph (Other)
Subjects: Natural sciences > Earth and related environmental sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Natural and Technical Sciences
Depositing User: Biljana Kosturanova
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 12:48
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 12:48
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/21870

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