The presence of some humoral immunologic indicators and clinical manifestations in cryoglobulin positive heroin addicts without evidence of hepatitis virus infection

Simonovska, Natasa and Chibishev, Andon and Bozinovska, Cvetanka and Grchevska, Ladislava and Dimitrovski, Kocho and Neceva, Violeta (2015) The presence of some humoral immunologic indicators and clinical manifestations in cryoglobulin positive heroin addicts without evidence of hepatitis virus infection. Georgian Medical News, 143 (5-6). pp. 296-300.

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Abstract

Different autoantibodies and immunologic abnormalities have been described in heroin addicts. AIMS: dpending on the route of heroin application in heroin addicts to determine: 1) immunoglobulins: IgA, IgG, IgM; 2) complement (C3, C4); 3) some other autoantibodies RF, anti β2GP1 fractions: IgA, IgG, IgM, ANA; 4) CIC; 5)monitoring the cryoglobulin presence; 6) clinical manifestations in cryoglobulin positive heroin addicts. A total of 363 heroin addicts were analyzed after previously completed questionnaire; biochemical analyses of blood and urine; creatinine clearance (eC(Cr)) by Cockcroft-Gault formula; proteinuria; 24-hour proteinuria (Uprot/Ucreat); ECG; toxicological analyses; complement (C3, C4); immunoglobulins IgA, IgG, IgM; rheumatoid factor; cryoglobulins; circulating immune complexes; antiphospholipid antibodies (anti β2GP1: IgA, IgG, IgM); antinuclear antibodies. Male patients were predominating (82.09%). Of them 161 were using intravenous heroin (45.4%). IgA was statistically significantly lower in intravenous heroin addicts. Intravenous heroin addicts contrary to those who inhaled heroin had highly significant levels of IgG, IgM, IgG, antiβ2GP1 cryoglobulins; significantly higher mean values of: RF, anti β2GP1 IgA and IgM. Cryoglobulin positive (CP) heroin addicts compared to cryoglobulin negative (CN) presented significantly more frequently with clinical signs of arthralgia, vasculitis, hematuria; whereas highly significantly were manifested respiratory difficulties, neurological disorders, Raynaud phenomenon, proteinuria, 24-hour proteinuria, highly significantly lower mean values of renal clearance. Intravenous heroin addicts compared to the non-parenteral heroin addicts have shown greater changes in certain parameters of humoral immunity. CP heroin addicts have presented with more frequent clinical manifestations than CN heroin addicts.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Andon Cibisev
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2019 13:21
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 13:21
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/21756

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