Control of infection from nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis

Simonovska, Ljiljana and Paneva, Iva and Panova, Gordana (2018) Control of infection from nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis. Knowledge - International Journal, Scientific Papers, 28.2. pp. 107-112. ISSN 2545-4439

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Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is still a huge health problem in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2015, 10.4 million new tuberculosis cases were registered. Most of the newly reported cases of TB are concentrated in 6 countries in the world: India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa. In 2015, 1.8 million people died of TB. Among deaths 140,000 were children (1) By implementing the WHO strategy, known as Short Term Treatment Procedures under Direct Surveillance (DOT), almost all patients with tuberculosis can be treated. At the base of the DOT, the strategy is applied to short-term regimens under the direct control of health workers .Transmission of infection in tuberculosis is usually an aerobic pathway.Recent research in developing countries has shown that health care professionals (CARs) who take care of infectious TB patients have significantly higher isk of getting infected and getting sick from TB Therefore, WHO makes recommendations and guidelines to provide effective measures to prevent TB infection between the care professionals.These recommendations are based on a three-level control of the infection, consisting of administrative control, environmental control and personal protection of the respiratory organs. According to the basic healthcare activity provided by the Institute for Lung Disease and Tuberculosis (TB) in terms of diagnosing, treating and preventing tuberculosis, the working staff and / or patients coming to the Institute for various services are at risk of infection with tuberculosis bacteria. Therefore, consistent implementation of the measures recommended by the WHO and set out in the Control Program the infection of the nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis.The program for control of nosocomial infection with tuberculosis bacteria (MT) in the Institute should be realized with activities, hierarchically divided into three, оr four levels: managerial (organizational) activities at the level of a health institution, administrative measures, which reduce the risk of exposure to infection, environmental control measures, which prevents the risk of drooping way of spreading respiratory infections with MT and measures of personal protection against infection, which reduces the risk of inhalation of infectious particles Keywords: nosocomial infection, tuberculosis, isolation, administrative measures

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Gordana Panova
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2019 10:44
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 09:26
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/21626

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