Theoretical Contribution Towards Understanding Specific Behaviour of “Simple” Protein‐film Reactions in Square‐wave Voltammetry

Gulaboski, Rubin (2018) Theoretical Contribution Towards Understanding Specific Behaviour of “Simple” Protein‐film Reactions in Square‐wave Voltammetry. Electroanalysis, 30. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1040-0397

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Surface reactions of uniformly adsorbed redox molecules at working electrode surface are seen as adequate models to studying chemical reactivity of many lipophilic enzymes. When considered under pulse voltammetric techniques, these systems show several uncommon features, whose origin is still not completely clear. The phenomena of “quasireverible maximum”, “splitting” of the net peak in square-wave voltammetry, and the very steep descent of Faradaic currents of simple surface redox reactions exhibiting fast electron transfer are just some of the features that make these systems quite interesting for further elaborations. In this work, we present a set of theoretical calculations under conditions of square-wave voltammetry in a way to try to explain some of aforementioned phenomena. The major goal of our work is to get insight to some voltammetric and chrono-amperometric features of two considered surface reactions, i.e. (1) the “simple” surface redox reaction, and (2) surface redox reaction coupled to follow-up irreversible chemical reaction of electrochemically generated redox species (or surface ECirr). We focus on the role of created Red(ads) (here in the reduction pulses only) to the current components of calculated square-wave voltammograms exhibiting fast electrode reaction. We show that the irreversible chemical removal of electrochemically generated Red(ads) species, created in the potential pulses where half-reaction of reduction Ox(ads)+ne- ---> Red( ads) is “defined” to take place, causes significant increase of all square-wave current components. The results presented in this work show how complex the chrono-amperometric features of surface redox reactions under pulse voltammetric conditions might be. In addition, we point out that both half reactions of a given simple surface redox process can occur, at both, “only reduction” and “only oxidation” potential pulses in square-wave voltammetry. This, in turn, contributes to the occurrence of many phenomena observed in simple protein-film voltammetry reactions. The effects of chemical reaction rate to the features of calculated squarewave voltammograms of surface ECirr systems with fast electrode reaction are reported for the first time in this work.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Natural sciences > Biological sciences
Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Natural sciences > Computer and information sciences
Natural sciences > Matematics
Natural sciences > Physical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Rubin Gulaboski
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2018 11:37
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 11:38

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