The relationship between mother’s lifestyle during pregnancy with the low birth weight

Kalcev, Goce and Zisovska, Elizabeta (2018) The relationship between mother’s lifestyle during pregnancy with the low birth weight. Zbornik na trudovi, Regionalna konferencija, Socijalni determinanti i zdravjeto na naselenieto, 2 (1). pp. 116-122.

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Zbornik na trudovi - Regionalna konferencija, Socijalnite detrrminanti i zdravjeto na naselenieto, 2018, Vol 2, No(1)-pages-1-5.pdf

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Kalcev Goce-LBW.pdf

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Official URL: https://e-lib.ugd.edu.mk/zbornici.html

Abstract

Introduction: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the major health problems worldwide. Birth weight is one of the most important and reliable health indicators for evaluation of infant’s health. The primary cause of low birth weight is premature birth (being born before 37 weeks gestation). Another cause of low birth weight is intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). There are other factors that can also contribute to the risk of very low birth weight. These include: race, age, multiple birth, mother's health. On the other side, mother’s lifestyle is an important determinant of general and reproductive health. Lifestyle consists of seven dimensions: nutrition, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, physical activity, occupational factors, social relations, self-care and stress. Aim of the study: The purpose of this study is to provide an insight into the causal relationship between the major components of one of the most important social determinants, the mother's lifestyle (maternal age, mother’s nutrition during pregnancy, alcohol use, cigarettes and drugs during pregnancy) and low birth weight as one of the most unfavorable outcomes. The results should serve to improve prevention and develop local programs and recommendations for promotion and highlighting how low birth weight is a significant problem in society, relying on accurate data. Material and methods: As a material, the health documentation was explored (medical histories) of pregnant women admitted at the University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje. Statistically, there were processed 50 health documents randomly selected, in the period from July to September 2018. Results: With the help of this study, it will be possible to identify the link between mother’s lifestyle and low birth weight. In the group of 15 to 19 years, 60% had a newborn with low birth weight, in the group from 20 to 35 years 40% had a newborn with low birth weight and in the group over 35 years, 73% had a newborn with low birth weight. 68% of pregnant women who reported excessive weight gain during pregnancy had a newborn with low birth weight. In pregnant women where no overweight has been observed during the pregnancy, 41% of the newborns had low birth weight. In the group that used abusive substances only in part of the pregnancy, 60% had a newborn with low birth weight. In the group that used abusive substances during the whole pregnancy, 90 % had a newborn with low birth weight. In the group that didn’t use any abusive substances during the pregnancy, 20% had a newborn with low birth weight. Conclusion: This research of lifestyle dimensions showed the importance and the role of lifestyle as an important determinant affecting birth weight, attention, and training interventions are important to promote healthy lifestyles in pregnant women. Keywords: mother, lifestyle, low birth weight, social determinants.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Elizabeta Zisovska
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2018 10:29
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2018 10:29
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/20845

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